REGISTER NOW AND GET
• 5 FREE tracks! • 101 tracks for $9.99
ClassicsOnline Home » WANG, Y.: Pixiu Dance
of The Three Gorges
sketches in light colours, this symphonic tone poem portrays the magnificent elegant
sights of the Three Gorges of the Yangtze River 5 and extols the beauty of the land
of the motherland.
poem consists of six movements.
Leaving Baldicheng in Rosy Dawn
are twinkling in the utter still before dawn. Thesllhouette of Baldicheng (White Emperor City) is dimly discernible. Against the background of the drone on the strings,
the English horn plays a lyric elegant slow theme. Then the tranquil mild theme
is repeated and developed on the violin.
Movement 2 in
movement forms a sharp contrast with the previous one. The music begins with
the brass winds. Their relatively strong sound is like the sudden appearance of
the magnificent steep precipices and cliffs. The theme of this movement is
derived from that of the first movement. It is played successively on the
flute, the violin and the cello. Finally the English horn recapitulates the intact
theme of the first movement.
The Goddess in a White Cloud Belt
describes the dignity, gracefulness, slenderness and obscurity of the Goddess Peak, which is enshrouded with mist and covered with azaleas. In the middle part a
new theme, drifting, pleased and affectionate, is played on the violin. It
seems as if the composer were sitting on a boat sailing in the waves and
expressing his love for the rivers of the motherland.
three movements can be considered as the first half of the suite, in which the
theme of the first movement runs through the second and third movements,
Wang Zhaojun's Native Place -- the Tranquil Fragrant Brook
begins with the expansive theme of the “boat” on the horn. Then, as the uniform
accompaniment figure of the second half movement, the strings bow out the very
fluent theme of the 'water' formed of a cluster of semiquavers. The two imagic themes
alternately appear in the different parts of the strings, which sound like a
boat sailing slowly on the undulant water of the brook. They portray the
charming view of the Fragrant Brook, a tributary of the Yangtze River, which
flows past the native place of Wang Zhaojun, one of the four legendary beauties
in ancient China.
Orange Orchards on the Precipices
precipices along the Three Gorges are seen spots of flaming red against dark green.
These are the orange orchards which the hard-working Chinese cultivate. To the accompaniment
of “water”, the bright theme in major mode is full of joy.
Light Boats Passing by Numerous Mountains
audience will feel as if they were standing on top of a steeppeak watching at a
distance light junks going downstream out of the Three Gorges. The fragments of
the themes of the previous movement is imaginatively flicker in the movement it
seems that the magnificent scenery of the Three Gorges still remain in mind
unforgettably. In orchestration, various Instruments successively retreat from performance
except the solo of the violin, which finally comes to an end on a seventh chord
against the harmonics of the strings and the pizzicato of the double bass. The
lingering music affords the audience much food for reflection.
won the Good Composition Prize at the First All-China Symphonic Composition Appraisal.
was composed in 1954 for the World Youth Festival which was held in Warsaw, Poland. Like the kylin (unicorn) and the phoenix, the pixiu is an imaginary bearlike
wild animal in the Chinese mythology. It is said to be able to drive out evil
spirits for people and bring happiness to people. In the coastal regions in
southeast China, people like to perform on folk festivals the pixiu dance as
well as the lion dance. Composed by Wang Yiping in 1954, Pixiu Dance describes
the scene of the villagers despatching the pixiu dance team on Spring Festival
to the neighbouring villages to convey congratulations for the festival. At the
beginning the music is weak in volume and broken in rhythm. The muffled
percussion, the specific sound of the beating on the drum edge and the intermittent
blowing on the flute make the music sound like a team of pixiu dancers coming
up from the distant low bank of earth between the fields, with their beating of
the gongs and the drums heard on and off with the changing direction of the
wind. Then the music depicts the dancers dancing into the village and then
leaving It after finishing the dance. The piece is fundamentally in five-four
time, with the accents at the second half of the second beat Hand the fifth
beat of each measure. The organic combination of various Chinese percussion
sets with the western orchestra makes the music in a strong national style. The
first theme in five-four time is based on Yellow Rape Flowers, a folk tune
popular in Guizhou, with the application of some grace notes. The second theme is
blown on the brass with the treatment of various transformations. In the coda,
the two themes are interwoven contrapuntally, which makes the music somewhat
sentimental as if the dancers were reluctant to part with the villagers.
large numbers of dinosaurian fossils were excavated in Lufeng County, Yunnan province. Inspired by the helpless extinction of the huge monster, the composer
wrote a piano piece and dedicated it to Mrs. Martha Guo, who had encouraged the
composition During the Cultural Revolution (1966- 1976), all the manuscripts,
including the one of Dinosaur were burned up in the political housing search. In
the beginning, beyond all the composer's expectation, Mrs. Florence, a friend
of the composer, mailed him from U.S a copy of the manuscript of the piano
piece. It was on the basis of this manuscript that the astonished composer
wrote the present orchestral as an expression of gratitude to the friend who
had carefully preserved the manuscript for so long.
half of the piece is a depiction of the slow and heavy steps of the dinosaur, while
the second half describes the prehistoric beast which submerged its monstrous
water of the lake only with its head above the surface of the water and
silently peeped at the desolate world However, It finally went into helpless
Children's Toys Suite
Children's Toys Suite was composed in 1977, International Children's Year sponsored
by the United Nations, for the Students' Orchestra of the Attached High School of
Wuhan Conservatory of Music as a dedicatory work to all children. The suite is
made up of four parts, with each one describing an ancient Chinese children's
shuttlecock is made with several round pieces of cardboard overlapped together
as the base, in the centre of which is fixed vertically a thick plume tube.
Into the tube are inserted several thinner plumes. The player repeatedly kicks
it vertically into the arias a game. It can be played with by a single child as
well as by several children as a match.
The Dlabolo is actually a T -shaped top of wood or bamboo.
An upright column is fixed in the centre of the hollow flat round base, in the
ring like side of which several slots are opened. The player places the thin
waist of the dlabolo column on a thin string, which is stretched between the
tips of two sticks about a foot long. The player rhythmically swinging the two
sticks alternately up and down, the dlabolo is spun by the friction between
the dlabolo and the string. With the dlabolo revolving faster and faster, a
buzzing sound comes out from the slots on its side. Sometimes the player will
stretch his arms and draw the string tight, tossing the dlabolo into the air.
When it falls back down, He will catch it with the string and go on playing.
This game has been developed into a well- known item of the Chinese acrobatic
Part 3 Kite
Riding the wind, the kite rises into the sky and flutters there
leisurely and carefree.
Part 4 Cloth Tiger
The cloth tiger is made of cloth and padded in its body with
materials such as cotton. On its skin are drawn red and black symbolic streaks.
This toy is still on sale in Beijing shops. Charming and pleasing, the cloth
tiger can be played with as a toy as well as be collected as a piece of handicraft.
The music describes the psychological mood and imagination of the children when
playing It. Sometimes they feel the cloth tiger comes alive, sometimes they
feel it goes to sleep calmly.
Composed in October 1994, Meditation is a tranquil and implicit
piece, which is formed of various repetitions on a single theme with different
Wang Yiping, a Chinese composer, was born in Guangzhou in 1919.
He began to study musical composition even when he was at a high school. Later
he studied musical composition by correspondence under Noel Gron, a professor
at Paris Conservatory. From 21, he successively held the posts as a director
at Music Department of Guangxl Provincial Art Centre, a teacher of composition
at Chongqing State Opera School and a musician at the Experimental Orchestra
of the National Music Centre, and an associate professor of musical composition
at Guangdong Provincial School of Art. Since the foundation of the People's
Republic of China, he has successively worked as an associate professor and
professor at South China People's Institute of Arts and Literature, the Middle
and South China School of Music, Hubei Institute of Arts, and Wuhan Conservatory
of Music. He is expert in the composition of orchestral pieces. His important
works include film score for grand documentary Long Live Our Nation, and orchestral
pieces Pixiu Dance, Sketches of the Three Gorges and Chinese Folk Toys for Children.
His Sketches of the Three Gorges once won the Good Composition Prize at the
First All-China Symphonic Composition Appraisal. His compositions are well knit
in structure, beautiful in melody and exquisite in orchestration.
SHANGHAI PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA
Shanghai Philharmonic is one of the most famous organizations of musical
performance in China. It was established in 1952, known as the East China Music
Troupe. The first
Director was He Luting, a famous composer. Then the conductors
Huang Yuijian and Situ Han succeeded him. The present art director is the well-known
conductor Cao Peng.
In the past 40 years, Shanghai Philharmonic has performed over
3,000 concerts, including special concerts for Individual composers and musicians,
and collaborated with vocalists from all over the world. Apart from giving concerts,
Shanghai Philharmonic often makes recordings for radio stations, TV stations,
film studios, as well as for record factories and audio and video companies
for world-wide release.
Cao Peng is one of the most distinguished conductors in China.
He was born in Jiangyin, Ji angsu in 1925. In 1946, he was enrolled at the Arts
Department of Shandong University. In 1950 he was principal conductor of both
Shanghai Film Studio Orchestra and Beijing Film Studio Orchestra. In 1955, he
went to the USSR and entered the Moscow Tchaikovsky Conservatory of Music to
study under the celebrated conductor, Professor Leo Ginsbury. Cao was appointed
resident conductor of Shanghai Symphony Orchestra after his return In 1961.
He is now art director & principal conductor of Shanghai Philharmonic, art
director of Marco Polo Symphony Orchestra, music advisor and resident conductor
of Shanghai Symphony Orchestra, Music director & principal conductor of
Shanghai Chamber Orchestra.
Last Albums Viewed
WANG, Y.: Pixiu Dance