REGISTER NOW AND GET
• 5 FREE tracks! • 101 tracks for $9.99
ClassicsOnline Home » LUMBYE: Orchestral Works, Vol. 11
Hans Christian Lumbye, today the internationally best known and most popular Danish composer of dances of the
nineteenth century, was born in Copenhagen on 2nd May 1810. While he was still a child his family moved to the
provinces, since his father, a military official, was posted first to Jutland and later to Odense, the birthplace of Hans
Christian’s later world-famous namesake, the fairy-tale writer Hans Christian Andersen.
In Odense Lumbye had his first real musical training and at the age of fourteen he succeeded in becoming a
trumpeter in the local regimental band. The next year he received his diploma as a trained trumpeter, and at nineteen
he returned to his birthplace Copenhagen, where he was employed as a trumpeter in 1829 in the Royal Horse Guard.
In the 1830s, besides holding this musical post, Lumbye was a busy musician in the Copenhagen
Stadsmusikantorkester or City Orchestra, and his earliest preserved dance compositions come from these years.
In 1840 Lumbye put together his own orchestra. The inspiration to take this step had come after he had attended
a series of concerts given in Copenhagen by a musical society from Steiermark in Austria, where Johann Strauss’s
and Joseph Lanner’s new dance tunes were heard for the first time in Scandinavia.
With his own first Concert à la Strauss at the fashionable Raus Hotel in Copenhagen (the later Hôtel
d’Angleterre) on 4th February 1840, Lumbye definitively began his lifelong activity as Denmark’s and
Scandinavia’s undisputed leading dance composer. Three years later, when the now world-famous amusement park
Tivoli opened its gates in Copenhagen, Lumbye acquired the final, permanent setting for his long and prolific
composing and conducting career as the leader of the concert hall’s orchestra. For this orchestra he composed some
seven hundred dances over the next thirty years, first and foremost polkas, waltzes and galops – the last of these
genres almost became synonymous with his name. But with his numerous orchestral fantasias, too, and more than
25 ballet-divertissements, Lumbye demonstrated his true mastery.
In the best of his works his orchestrations have a distinctive, lyrical, almost pristine Copenhagen sound that
differs from the Vienna composers’ more hot-blooded orchestral tone. Lumbye often has the violins accompanied
by limpid flute sounds, while Johann Strauss, for example, liked to have the melody lines of the strings
accompanied by instruments with a fuller sound like the oboe and clarinet. Lumbye also created a brighter and
lighter orchestral sound than the Vienna composers thanks to his use of glockenspiel, triangle and brass.
A long series of tours abroad to Hamburg, Berlin, Vienna, Paris, St Petersburg and Stockholm brought Lumbye
international recognition and fame, but he never abandoned his post in the amusement park, where his jovial figure
remained a popular ingredient in Copenhagen’s musical life until his death on 20th March, 1874.
H.C. Lumbye’s importance in the nineteenth century for the creation of a broad, popular musical culture in
Northern Europe can hardly be overestimated, but his greatest importance perhaps lies in the fact that his
innumerable dance tunes have up to our own day preserved their special freshness and artistic integrity.
Knud Arne Jürgensen
Translation: James Manley
Last Albums Viewed
LUMBYE: Orchestral Works, Vol. 11